Mauritius is considered as an economic success narrative. The Mauritanian economic system has witnessed singular transmutation of all time since it gained independency, traveling from a hapless mono-crop economic system into a good diversified economic system in merely a few decennaries. This singular transmutation is due to a combination of political stableness, strong institutional model, low degree of corruptness and favorable regulative environment in Mauritius.
Thus, transmutation was merely possible due to a paradigm displacement in the economic policies, defying to the assorted dazes that the universe is confronting ( Ali Zafar, 2011 ) . Furthermore, in contrast with other states including developed states, the stableness of the Mauritanian economic system can be attributed to good administration.
The democratic procedure, freedom of the imperativeness, an independent bench, the separation of powers between the executive and the legislative, all constitute the administration model that has served to make the stable and enabling environment that made Mauritius one of the best topographic points in the universe to make concern. As a consequence Mauritius has been ranked first out of 53 states in Africa for three back-to-back old ages by administration indices like the Mo Ibrahim Index ( 2008, 2009 and 2010 ) .
Besides, Mauritius has emerged as a regional transshipment center and touristry finish as the top graded African state and 20th out of 183 states in the World Bank Doing Business ( 2009 ) every bit good as being ranked foremost in Africa on the Fraser Institute ‘s Economic Freedom. Thus, Mauritius has been systematically re-inventing itself and for this ground Mauritius has achieved so much in a comparatively short period of clip. Corporate administration has been a subject of great concern around the universe including Mauritius for many old ages chiefly as a consequence of fiscal dirts worldwide.
Corporate administration, which refers to the mode in which an administration is managed and controlled, is dependent on the efficaciousness of administration at institutional and province degrees. The purpose is to aline every bit about as possible the involvements of persons, corporations and the society. More exactly, the involvements of different stakeholders, employees, clients, providers and the society in general and Mauritius have been one of the rare states which have succeeded in keeping the delicate balance between sustained economic growing and societal public assistance.
In Mauritius, it is the Inclusive Approach of corporate administration that has been adopted. This attack requires that when developing the scheme of the company the cardinal stakeholders such as the concern environment in which the company operates, its employees, its clients and its providers should be taken into consideration. The inclusive attack besides necessitates that the intent of the company should be defined, and the values by which the company will transport out its day-to-day activities should place and communicated to all stakeholders.
Therefore, all these factors should be combined in developing the schemes to achieve the company ‘s end and the relationship between the company and its stakeholders should be reciprocally good. In add-on, a figure of grounds has established that this inclusive attack is the manner to make sustained concern success and long term growing in stockholder value. Mauritius ‘ way towards improved administration started in the twelvemonth 2001.
More exactly, in September 2001 to supply Mauritius with a well organised and efficient system of administration, the so Minister of Economic Development, Financial Services and Corporate Affairs, The Honourable Sushil Khushiram came frontward with a figure of enterprises that have mostly contributed to a important transmutation in the regulative and administration landscape in which Mauritanian companies operate. Therefore in 2001, a figure of proposals were put into topographic point with the purpose to convey into line the patterns of corporate Mauritius with global best pattern.
As a consequence, a new Companies Act was voted for and International Accounting Standards ( IAS ) were introduced ; the new listing regulations for the companies listed on the stock exchange of Mauritius were put frontward and a commission on corporate administration was set up. In add-on, the Securities Act, the Insolvency Act, the Financial Reporting Act and the Insurance act were approved. Besides, in 2001 the Financial Services Commission was put in topographic point every bit good as the Mauritius Institute of Directors which was launched in 2009.
The commission for corporate administration had as portion of its charge to reflect on the debut of a Code of Best Practice in Mauritius. Thereby, the commission for corporate administration for Mauritius prepared the Code of Corporate Governance for Mauritius which was launched in 2003. In short, the Code of Corporate Governance requires that each board should dwell of a proper balance of executive, non-executive and independent managers. The function of the president and the Chief Executive Officer ( CEO ) should besides be different and separate so as to depute powers and authorization at different degrees.
Furthermore, the board which is responsible for the public presentation and personal businesss of the company should hold at a lower limit, an audit commission and corporate administration commission. The audit commission which should dwell of at least three non-executive managers is responsible for affairs such as the operation of the internal control system, the company ‘s conformity with legal and regulative demands with respect to fiscal affairs and fiscal information to be published by the board.
On the other manus, the duties of the Corporate Governance Committee which should besides be composed of a bulk of non-executive managers include wage and nomination affairs. The Code which puts greater importance on revelation and communicating requires a separate corporate administration subdivision in the Annual Report and besides the one-year study should be presented in such a that all stakeholders can obtain a true and just position of the company ‘s public presentation.
In add-on, the Code requires that every company should follow a Code of Ethics which should see the rules, norms and criterions that the company wants to advance. Furthermore, in 2009 the National Committee on Corporate Governance ( NCCG ) conducted a study on the province of conformity with the Code of Corporate Governance in Mauritius. The cardinal findings of the study indicated the conformity with the Code of Corporate Governance is still non a norm in Mauritius and it indicated higher conformity among listed companies ( 83 % ) and lower conformity among State Owned Enterprises ( 44 % ) .
The study besides found that companies who are compliant with the Code of Corporate Governance have an audit commission and a corporate administration commission in topographic point and the degrees of revelation of fiscal information and revelation sing struggles of involvement are higher among these companies. The study besides indicated that 72 % of the companies consider that good administration has positively improved the public presentation and position of the several companies. However, the research besides highlighted the demand to reconsider the attack to corporate administration adopted by the companies in Mauritius.
It stated that the Board of Directors should concentrate more on scheme, hazard direction, public presentation and sustainability which are of import to the corporate administration procedure and besides the demand for more preparation of managers to better their competency degree. The study besides requires that effectual Board Committees should be set up and strengthened much attempt needed to better the hazard designation procedure and board commissions to pass more clip supervising hazard direction.
In add-on, the study besides requires the puting up of an effectual Nomination Committee and ensures that a proper appraisal of the assignment of board members has been carried out with a position of bettering the competency and diligence of board members. As consequence of this study, the NCCG decided that the codification should be revised so as to increase consciousness of corporate administration in Mauritius.