Response to the Secret History of the Mongols Essay

Response to the Secret History of the Mongols

The Secret History of the Mongols is the first and arguably the most significant literature that was written on the Mongolian traditional culture. The literature contains an account of the early growth of the Mongols, particularly under Chingis Khan, the ruler that can be referred to as the founder of the empire.

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Although there are several accounts on the history of the Mongol traditional culture that portrayed them as cruel, brutal and violent people, the Secret History of the Mongols has been said to be a direct account from a Mongol himself. Although the author of this literature is not known, the work contains an account of the battles that were won by the Mongols under their great ruler, Great Khan.

Unlike the picture that was painted in other literatures that was written by other cultures, this literature talks of the history of the heroic victories of the Mongols. It replaces the themes of wickedness and cruelty that was depicted of the Mongols in the accounts of other traditional literatures with tales of the campaign of Chingis Khan  as the Mongolian empire under him rose to become “the largest contiguous land empire in history” (Microsoft Encarta, 2008).

In the Literature, Temujin, later known as Chingis Khan gradually rose to power by defeating other leaders of the Mongolian and the Tartan tribes. By doing this, he established himself as the undisputed leader of the Mongolians and so declared himself King in 1206 at a meeting of the Mongolian chieftain. It was here that he pronounced himself as Genghis Khan, which is also spelt Chingis Khan.

Under Chingis Khan, the Mongolians destroyed the Jin dynasty and the Tanguts. Other  empires that went down from the blow of Chingis Khan were Kara-Khitai, Bukhoro) and Samarqand. It was recorded in the literature that under Chingis Khan, the Mongolian empire spread as far as present day central, east and west Asia.

Reference:

·         “Mongol Empire.” Microsoft® Student 2008 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2007.

·         Unknown; translated by Urgunge Onon, revised by Sue Bradbury [1228] (1993). Chinggis Khan: The Golden History of the Mongols (hardback) (in English), London: The Folio Society. Retrieved on