Potential Barriers to Sport at Different Levels of the Sports Continuum Essay

Foundation: At foundation level women face many barriers when trying to participate in sport. In football women may come up against cultural barriers which could stop them from playing this could be because of the stereotypical perception that they should be at home and that it is an unfeminine thing to do this could stop then from participating, also they may have been brought up in a very feminine world so they are more likely to play something like netball rather than football, another cultural barrier could be the persons religion as some Christians will not play on a Sunday which is when most foundation level teams play.

Another barrier which women could face at foundation level would be social barriers, these could come up again due to the primarily masculine nature of the sport, therefore younger women and girls may not want to participate because they will be embarrassed and could get bullied because of it. Also because there are very few well known role models in the women’s game younger girls will have no one to look up to.

An Additional barrier that women could face at this level could be an economic one, as even though the players at this level only need basic equipment for example shin pads, they still need to be paid for in order to allow them to play, this is a barrier because there may be many girls who are underprivileged and cannot afford the basic equipment needed.

The final barrier which could stop women from participating at this level would be the educational factors, this could be a barrier as in schools, especially primary schools, football is not going to be sport girls do very often, therefore by the time they reach secondary school they wont know the basic techniques needed to play, and will only start learning then and even at secondary schools there will not be that much football on offer for females. Participation: At participation level women may still face cultural barriers when trying to participate in sport.

In football women may come up against these barriers which could stop them from playing. This could be because of the stereotypical perception that they should be at home and that it is an unfeminine thing to do. Additionally they may have been brought up in a very feminine world so they are more likely to play something like netball rather than football; most participation level football is played on a Saturday so this could be a potential barrier to women, who belong to the religion of Judaism, as for Jewish people this is the Sabbath and many of them believe this to be a day that should be spent in other ways, rather than playing sports.

Another barrier which women could face at participation level would be social barriers, again like in foundation one of the main reasons why this is a barrier is because of the masculine nature of the sport, therefore younger women and girls may not want to participate because they will be embarrassed and could potentially get bullied because of it. Additionally, as previously said, there are not many players from within the women’s game who are promoting it to younger participants who are thinking about starting, therefore as a result of this there is no incentive to do go and do well as they might not be aware of the rewards it can bring.

An Additional barrier that women could face at this level could be an economic one, as the players at this level will need the basic equipment for example shin pads, boots. However, at this level they will need to start travelling to away games paying for coaching etc which will add to the cost of playing. This is a barrier because there may be many girls and young women who can’t afford to be going to school/work and then to football training and games as well.

One other barrier which could stop women from participating at this level would be the educational factors, this could be a barrier as in schools, football is not going to be sport girls do very often, therefore by the time they go into work or college they won’t know the basic techniques needed to play, and unless they travel to a training session at a club in their local area, there is not really anywhere they are going to begin learning. Performance: At performance level women will come up against similar cultural barriers when trying to participate in sport.

In football women may come up against these barriers which could stop them from playing. This is probably because of the stereotypical perception that they should be at home and that it is an unfeminine thing to do. Additionally they may have been brought up in a very feminine world so they are more likely to play something like netball rather than football, all performance level football is played on a Saturday so this is a barrier to women who are Jewish as this is their day of rest so many of them believe this to be a day shouldn’t be playing sports.

Another barrier which women could face at performance level would be social barriers, again like in both previous levels because of the masculine nature of the sport, therefore women who are playing may come under scrutiny for playing in a male dominated sport, which as a consequence may force them to quit as some of their friends may criticize them for it.

An Additional barrier that women could face at this level could be an economic one, as the players at this level will need to be fully equipped with all of the basic equipment as well as travelling costs and coaching. This is a barrier because women do not get paid as much as men in football therefore they may have to acquire another job, to make sure that they have enough money to live on as a consequence of this some players might quit football as it may become too much effort to go to work, training and matches.

One other barrier which could stop women from participating at this level would be the educational factors, this is not so much a problem at this level as most will have left school/college once they have reached this level, however, some may still be in university and want to continue studying and will therefore have to make a decision on what career path they wish to pursue. Excellence: At excellence level women will always come up against similar cultural barriers when trying to participate in sport.

In football women may come up against these barriers which could stop them from playing. This again is because of the stereotypical perception that they should be at home and that it is an unfeminine thing to do. Excellence level football is usually played on a Saturday so this is a barrier to women who are Jewish as this is their day of rest so many of them believe this to be a day shouldn’t be playing sports.

Additionally Christians may come up against barriers here as some games are played on a Sunday which is there day of rest, potentially meaning they won’t be able to play. Another barrier which women could face at excellence level would be social barriers, this is not going to be as much of a barrier at this stage in a players career as they will be successful, making money therefore most people will respect how well they have done.

An Additional barrier that women could face at this level could be an economic one, however at this level players will be earning money on a weekly basis for their performances therefore they should receive enough to cover any costs they come up against. One other barrier which could potentially stop women from participating could be educational factors, however it is unlikely that this will be a problem as once women have reached this stage they will be earning enough money not to need another job.

Youth: Foundation: Young People could face cultural barriers in sport at this level which could potentially stop them from participating, these cultural barriers could be if that person was raised into a family where none of them played sport then he/she would be unlikely to start playing football as they have no one who they can look up to from an early age, additionally they would have no one who they could learn from.

Another barrier they could face could be because of social factors, these could be that the child is afraid of joining a new club if they are not used to being around new people then they may become reluctant to participate in new sessions, therefore this could be a potential barrier that might stop a young person from playing. An additional barrier which young people could face could be an economic one, as the player will not be earning money yet they will be relying on someone else, probably their parents, to purchase all of the basic equipment they need to be able to play, this would include boots, shin pads etc.

The final barrier which could stop young people from participating is educational factors, the persons education could effect there motivation to play as if they have been to a school where they have not played football before then they will be lacking in the basic techniques, as a result of this the child may be reluctant to participate as they may not be as good as the other people who are more experienced.

Participation: Young People may face cultural barriers in football at participation level which could stop them from playing, these cultural barriers could be if that person was raised into a family where none of them played football then they would be unlikely to start playing as they have no one who they can look up to from an early age, additionally they would have no one who they could learn from.

Another barrier they could face could be because of social factors, these could be that the child is not used to socialising with new people and therefore may be reluctant to participate in training sessions; consequently this could be a potential barrier that might stop a young person from playing.

An additional barrier which young people could face could be an economic one, at this stage the young person may be earning some money, however they will not be earning enough to be able to but all the basic equipment as well as the added expense of coaching and travelling, therefore they would have to rely on someone else to pay for them, some parents may view this as a waste of money and not fund their progression, making this a potential barrier.

The final barrier which could stop young people from participating is educational factors, the persons education could effect there motivation to play as if they have been to a school where they have not played football before then they will be lacking in the basic techniques, as a result of this the child may be reluctant to participate as they may not be as good as the other people who are more experienced. Additionally, the player may be under exam stress at this time in their lives and may prioritise their exams above football, as it can be very time consuming. Performance:

Young People may come up against cultural barriers in football at performance level which could stop them from playing, these cultural barriers could be that no one in their family likes football and therefore they may feel pressured into quitting, as their family does not approve of it. Another barrier they could face could be because of the social aspect, this could be that the young person is self conscious and when meeting new people, who in a football team are usually very cynical, could become demoralised about themselves and their ability, this as a result could mean that they quit altogether.

An additional barrier which young people could face could be an economic one, at this stage the young person may be earning money, however again they will not be earning enough to be able to but all the basic equipment as well as the added expense of coaching and travelling, therefore they would have to rely on someone else to pay for them, which they may not be able to do..

The final barrier which could stop young people from participating is educational factors, the persons education could be a barrier as usually youth players who have reached this stage, will be undergoing important examinations which could shape the rest of their lives, therefore they may want to just concentrate on them rather than playing football. Excellence:

Young People may come up against cultural barriers in football at excellence level which could stop them from playing, these cultural barriers could be that the people who are closest around them do not approve of their career choice and therefore they may feel pressured into quitting. Another barrier they could face could be because of the social aspect, this is unlikely to be a large barrier at this stage in their career as all players who have reached this level are likely to be respected by a majority of people, however, because they have reached this level they may start to get recognised and could receive abuse from rival fan bases.

An additional barrier which young people could face could be an economic one, however, at this stage the young person will be earning money from playing and therefore the money that they earn can cover any playing costs they may have. Although, the money they earn may not be enough to live on and they might have to consider getting a different job if they can’t see themselves progressing.

The final barrier which could stop young people from participating at this level could be their education, this is unlikely to be a barrier at this stage in the players career as they are likely to have finished school by this time and chosen a career in football, however there may be some who face the dilemma of going to university or signing a professional contract, consequently education can still be a barrier. Older people: Foundation: Older people may come up against several barriers when trying to participate in football at this level.

One of these barriers could be cultural as if that person is devoted to a particular religion then they may have responsibilities towards them, for example Christians attending services on a Sunday which would clash with foundation level games. Another barrier which could stop older people from participating in football could be because of social factors, this could be that because they are older they may not wish to start playing as they are embarrassed about their skill level if they have not played before, or they might feel self conscious about how they look and won’t want to be seen, therefore making this a potential barrier.

Additionally, older people may face economic barriers, this could be because they have stopped working and don’t have enough money to purchase the basic equipment needed to play for example boots, shin pads etc. The final barrier which could stop older people from playing could be because of their education, this is unlikely to be much of a problem for older people as their education is a long way behind them, however, if one of the participants had never played football in school then they may be reluctant to start now as people who are younger may have more skill, which as a consequence might put them off.

Participation: One of the barriers older people may come up against could be cultural as if that person belongs to a religious faith then they may have responsibilities towards them, for example all Muslims are expected to observe Ramadan, which is where they do not eat during daylight hours, this would be a barrier for a potential player as they would need to eat at different times during the day to be able to be at full strength to play.

Another barrier which could stop older people from playing football could be because of the social aspect, this could be that because they are older they may not wish to start playing as they are embarrassed about their skill level if they have not played before, or they might feel self conscious about how they look and won’t want to be seen, therefore making this a potential barrier. Additionally, older people may face economic barriers, this could be because they have stopped working and don’t have enough money to purchase the basic equipment as well as the additional expenses that come with this level, coaching, travelling etc.

It is unlikely that older people will face educational barriers at this stage due to the fact that they left their education a long time ago and it won’t affect a majority of people now. Performance: One of the barriers older people may come up against could be cultural as if that person belongs to a religious faith then they may have responsibilities towards them, for example Jewish people celebrate the Sabbath on Saturdays and are expected to participate in some sort of ceremony which could affect their chances of playing on this days which is when performance level teams will be playing.

Another barrier which could stop older people from playing football could be because of the social aspect; this could again be that because they are older they may not wish to start playing as they are embarrassed about their age compared to maybe some younger players in the team, therefore making this a potential barrier. Additionally, older people may face economic barriers, this however is unlikely as they have probably worked/ are working and they will also be receiving money for playing.

It is unlikely that older people will face educational barriers at this stage due to the fact that they left school a long time ago and it won’t affect a majority of people now. Excellence: One of the barriers older people may come up against could be cultural as if that person belongs to a traditional family then they may be expected to look after their family rather than be playing football, which can be a temperamental job, especially with older people, this therefore could be a barrier to some people.

Another barrier which could stop older people from playing football could be because of the social aspect; this could be because they might receive abuse from rival fans as they are older and less likely to be in as good physical condition. Additionally, older people may face economic barriers, this however is unlikely as they are receiving enough money for playing. It is unlikely that older people will face educational barriers at this stage due to the fact that they left school a long time ago and it won’t affect a majority of people now.