Improving Safety Measures in the Sri Lankan Construction Industry Essay

Construction industry is one of the universe taking industries today which besides contributes towards the country’s economony and labour force is one of the chief parts in the building industry. Construction has been developing for old ages but there are some jobs which has arisen with it. Today the building industry in Sri Lanka faces a batch of troubles keeping the safety and wellness of a building site. If this wellness and safety are non controlled decently due to the accidents caused it will besides impact the industry as it is a loss of clip, cost and resources. Control of jeopardy and hazard are more harder as the status of a site varies from a site to another site due to utilizing heavy machinery equipment, most of the clip it happens due to miss of experience and without holding proper accomplishment knowledge such as holding unqualified workers. ( Allan and John, 2005 ) Accidents in building can happen due to many grounds as site and conditions conditions, tool hurts ( non utilizing safety tools ) , clip force per unit area and hurts and deceases due to falling from highs. Accidents at a site can besides include hurts and deceases as COSHH hazards, suffocation, Burnss, burning, toxic chemicals and exposure to asbestos, exposure to chemical, ergonomic and biological factors and detonations. ( John p.s,2011 )

“ Around the Earth, every 15 seconds, a worker dies from a work-related accident or disease and every 15 seconds, 151 workers have a work-related accident. The International Labour Organisation ( ILO ) estimates that over two million people die yearly from work-related diseases and 321,000 people die each twelvemonth from occupational accidents. ” Madurawala ( 2013 )

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Construction workers have gained the most black hurts and have the highest figure of worker hurts in any industry. Harmonizing to Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) of Sri Lanka as the building industry is turning at an increasing rate the figure of fatal accidents are besides increasing at a higher rate than that. Halwathura and Jayathunga ( 2013 ) Hence this clearly signifies that though the building is turning quickly less attending is paid towards the wellness and safety of a building site. “ Healthcare support, constructing cleansing and care, transit and stuff moving, and building and extraction businesss are peculiarly at hazard of autumn hurts, ” Mudugamuwa ( 2012 )

The building industry is acknowledged as a unsafe employment which create more jeopardies than any other industry ( Brace and Gibb, 2005 ) . The duties of every one at work are Health & A ; Safety ( H & A ; S ) Davies and Thomasine ( 1990 ) Due to the neglection of safety at a site bad wellness conditions, accidents and loss of productiveness occurs. The building company’s direction should do certain that they are responsible for commanding and bettering the jobs related to H & A ; S on sites. Hubbard ( 1986 ) targeted the importance of safety professions at sites in the building industry and how these professions could cut down the site accidents. Furthermore, Abdelhamid and Everett ( 1998 ) , Everret and Pathan ( 1998 ) and Hinze ( 1998 ) analysed the cardinal causes of building site hurts and acciddents. Likewise, the accidents and causes of the accidents originating at sites and how these accidents can be reduced to the full were examined by Bowen and Hindle ( 1999 ) In order to increase the building market with an accident free environment the Health and Safety Strategy, 2004-2010 provinces that the hazard of the undertakings must be reduced and the undertaking quality must be managed decently.

Construction industry is a reasonably hazardous work. In 1996, 350,000 employees were injured and 1000 other employees while working lost their lives, it was reported by the National Safety Council. It was detailed that in building 5 % were of the United States ‘ work force, 9 % were disabled and 20 % were employee catastrophes.

Analyzing the accident records, sorting the most familiar manner the accidents go on were revealed by an analysis of the research on building safety ( Fullman 1984 ; Goldsmith 1987 ; Culver et Al. 1990, 1992 ; Davies and Tomasin 1990 ; La Bette 1990 ; MacCollum 1990 ; Rietze 1990 ; Helander 1991 ; Peyton and Rubio 1991 ; Hinze 1997 ) . From the above research they found of import information sing the building accidents and besides found the type of the most unsafe accidents that happen within the building industry. Most unsafe accidents were reported due to the falling from highs Culver et Al. ( 1990 ) “Developers and their contractors portion the same end of finishing undertaking on clip, within budget and to achieve a quality and standard satisfactory to both sides.” Construction Site safety enchiridion ( 2005 )

It is our avowal to happen the major causes for the accidents caused more than seeking to forestall accidents by our research surveies. “ Accident coverage is a agency to an terminal, non an terminal in itself. ” Brown ( 1995 ) Besides the replies for the probes done at site accidents should uncover “what” and “how” they happen to acquire a right thought of the cause of accident. Consequently accident bar can be strengthened if it is prevented by happening the root cause.

Purpose

The chief purpose of this research is to acknowledge and recite the assorted types of building accidents which happen in Sri Lanka and to do the organisations aware of bettering the safety steps. And besides to minimise the figure of accidents go oning each twenty-four hours more than seeking to forestall the accidents as a whole. And to boot to raise up the criterions of safety methods at building industries.

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hypertext transfer protocol: //dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/9056

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hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dailymirror.lk/business/features/36948-dying-to-work-why-health-and-safety-in-workplace-an-important-economic-issue.html

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hypertext transfer protocol: //island.lk/index.php? page_cat=article-details & amp ; page=article-details & A ; code_title=51333