What is leading? Why is it important to the manager? Leading is that management function which involves influencing others to engage in the work behaviors necessary to reach organizational goals. How do leaders influence others? Managers are expected to maintain effective work forces. To be able to do so, they are required to perform leadership roles. Leaders are said to be able to influence others because of the power they possess. What is meant by referent power? Give an example of a person with referent power. When a person can get compliance from another because the latter would want to be identified with the former.
Why is it important for a leader to have “the desired to lead”? What happens if the said desire is not present? It is important to have the desired to lead because rare people are qualified for leadership, efforts are half-hearted if the purported leader does not have the desire to lead. What is meant by “charisma”? Is it a necessary ingredient for leadership? When a person has sufficient personal magnetism that leads people to follow his directives, this person is said to have charisma. It is a necessary ingredient because it will help the leader in achieving goals. What is meant by “human skills”?
How may these skills help the leadership? These skills refers to the ability of a leader to deal with people, both inside and outside the organization. Good leaders must know how to get along with people, motivate them, and inspire them. How is positive leadership different from negative leadership? Positive leadership the reward may be economic, the leader’s emphasizes rewards. Negative leadership emphasizes punishment, may take the form of reprimand, suspension, or dismissal. What are free-rein leaders? When is free-rein leadership appropriate? Leaders who set objectives and allow employees or subordinates relative freedom.
It is only appropriate to people who have the ability to handle the kind of freedom. When is the situation does not fit the leader, what options do management have? According to Fred Fiedler, leadership is effective when the leader’s style is appropriate to the situation. There are 4 options: 1. Change leader’s traits 2. Select a proper leader 3. Move leaders around the organization 4. Change the situation. What leadership styles may be used by path-goal proponents? Directive leadership, Supportive leadership, Participative leadership, Achievement-oriented leadership.